There are two spaces in every image:
- positive space (it shows the main subject);
- negative space (usually it’s the background).
Don’t forget to keep an eye on what is happening in the negative space; you want it to emphasize your main subject, not cramp it.
Depth will give your shot a more three-dimensional and rich feel. There are few features that can help you achieve it:
- parallel lines, which come to one point in the distance;
- gradually dissolving fog will make your photo seem layered;
- tone (volume is transmitted through color: darker objects appear closer, and lighter objects appear farther away);
- depth of field (if you blur the background, clear objects will appear closer, while fuzzy objects will seem more distant).
While making your shot deeper, don’t forget about the foreground: if you add something to it, some object, the audience will feel more involved.
Shadows and reflections
Use these elements to make your picture more interesting and dramatic. You can create a visual ‘dialogue’ between the subject and its reflection (shadow).