American writer Mark Twain once said, “Never let school interfere with your education.” Sometimes, science develops faster than the school program. Moreover, it is easier for teachers to provide a simplified explanation of some facts than to give a full narrative. For these reasons, some things that you learned in school or accept as a common truth are actually wrong.
We at collected some common misconceptions and were surprised to find out that some things we believed to be correct have actually been debunked long ago. Read this list up until the very end to ensure that you’ll never make such factual errors again!
1. Humans evolved from chimps.
The idea that humans came from apes is a common misconception about evolution, which is profoundly wrong. Darwin never claimed that we evolved from modern apes. Instead, he argued that due to the great similarities we have with monkeys and apes, we must all have a common ancestor that lived millions of years ago.
2. Humans are at the top of the food chain.
A group of French researchers managed to precisely calculate where humans rank in the prototypical food web. Based on the eating behavior of humans, they don’t rank higher than anchovies or pigs. To be at the top, an animal should only consume the meat of other predators, which is definitely not the case for humans, who consume a mixture of plants and meat.
3. Cats and dogs are color-blind.
There is a persistent myth that cats and dogs can only see black and white. The myth appeared after an experiment in 1915, which failed to teach cats to distinguish between colored and gray paper. Later experiments showed that cats are able to see colors but fail to see red, or see it less strongly than humans. In the same line, dogs are only partially color-blind and fail to distinguish red and orange but don’t have problems with other colors.