2. State Hermitage Museum – St. Petersburg, Russia
Although Russia is not known as an artistic destination, the Hermitage has nevertheless managed to attract a wide range of art collections from around the world. It is home to more than 3 million pieces of art ranging from the early 20th century to the Stone Age. The museum is spread among six buildings in the banks of Neva River, and the most recognizable structure is the confection-inspired Winter Palace. This building, which is in blue and white, was completed in 1764 and served as the primary residence of the Tsars. Winter Palace is one of the most famous landmarks in Europe.
State Hermitage Museum: Gallery space 66,842 m2 (719,480 sq ft) Established :1764
The founder of the museum was none other than Catherine the Great, in the same year the Winter Palace was finished (1964) after she bought some 255 artworks from Berlin. The museum focuses on the history of Western European art. Among the notable works represented at the Hermitage are those of Picasso, Da Vinci, Tiepolo, Rubens, Cezanne, Rembrandt, Goya, Titian, and Gogh.
But the main attraction is the Gold Rooms, which display golden masterworks from Eurasia, the Orient, and the Black Sea Littoral in antiquity.
3. National Museum of China – Beijing, China
The National Museum of China in Beijing is one of the most visited museums in the world, receiving more than 7 million annual visitors. Unlike most museums that we visited, which can trace their origin centuries back, this museum was only founded in 2003 after the merger of two museums – the National Museum of Chinese Revolution and the National Museum of Chinese History.
It is easy to access this gallery since it is conveniently situated in Tiananmen Square. Covering a space of 192,000 square meters, the National Museum of China is one of the largest on earth.
The pieces in the museum are focused on the modern and medieval Chinese history and many artworks stored here include some Neolithic treasures such as jade carvings like the jade dragon which dates back between 6000 and 5000 BC, fine painted red clay basin, and the flag that was raised by the infamous Mao Zedong at the Proclamation of the People’s republic of China back in 1949.
Gallery space 65,000 m2 (700,000 sq ft) Established: 1959