Macro photography, or the art of taking detailed, extreme close-ups of a subject, is one of the most exciting activities that photographers of all skill levels can try.
Once you learn to light and compose for macro photography, it doesn’t take much to produce professional-looking shots with minimal equipment. With a few cost-friendly modifications, you can create incredible images with your camera or even your smartphone.
In this article, we’ll cover eight simple tips to get you started in this exciting genre.
01. Get a good macro lens or modify what you have
Macro lenses come in a variety of focal lengths ranging from about 30mm all the way to 200mm. Your lens’ focal length dictates how close you can get to your subject. For example, the focusing distance of a 100mm lens is about a foot, while 50mm gets you as close as eight inches. Longer focal lengths are perfect for photographing small insects that don’t like humans getting near them. On the other hand, shorter focal lengths are generally ideal for non-moving objects.
But if you don’t have a lot to spend on dedicated macro lenses, you can convert regular lenses using bellows or extension tubes that typically cost less than a hundred US dollars. Just like telescopes (but for small objects), these special attachments allow the light to travel farther and magnify the image in the process.